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Resources

Mozhdeh Martial Arts

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Intro

This page is to help with your training at home. Whether you are working towards a grading, or just wanting to further your knowledge and practice, these resources will be great for you.

These resources are still being uploaded and some of it will be uploaded in Term 3 2024, so please be patient .

We are also working on creating a syllabus page, which will outline exactly what each belt needs to know. For now, we have tried to note what you’ll need to know next to each section.

It is broken into the following sections:

  1. Poomsae (patterns, 9+ years only)

  2. Rules (for 4-8 years classes)

  3. Korean Terminology and Questions (for all students)

  4. Values (will be added to website in Term 3 2024)

  5. Kicks (will be added to website in Term 3 2024)

  6. Stances (will be added to website in Term 3 2024)

  7. Hand techniques (will be added to website in Term 3 2024)

  8. Self defense (will be added to website in Term 3 2024)

Resources

White Belt

Poomsae are the traditional taekwondo patterns, which are part of the syllabus for the 9+ years classes. Kids in the 4-8 years classes do not need to know these.

The videos provided below are great learning resources for poomsae. I have provided 2 videos for each pattern. Both videos go through the pattern slowly, and then have the whole pattern at the end of the video. Note each club will count slightly differently for each pattern, so the video counts may not match the counting I have listed below. We also aim to start creating our own videos breaking each step down by the end of the year.

The following link contains information on how each technique should be executed, so have a read through in your free time if you want help with technique:

Links:

PDF: Poomsae_scoring_guidelines.pdf 

Video:Kibbon Poomsae 

White Belt (Kibbon Poomsae):

Meaning: Innocence and Purity

Steps: 16

Kihap: 8, 16

Stances: Long stance

Hand techniques: Lower block, body punch

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Yellow Belt

Yellow 1 (Poomsae Taegeuk Il Jang):

Meaning: Heaven

Steps: 18

Kihap: 18

Stances: Short stance, long stance

Hand techniques: Lower block, body block, face block, body punch

Kicks: Front kick

 

Links:

Taekwonbox video: (16) Taegeuk 1 Poomsae explanation – Taekwondo Promotion Foundation Educational Program – YouTube

Kukkiwon video: (16) TAEGEUK 1JANG – YouTube

 

 

Yellow 2 (Poomsae Taegeuk Ee Jang):

Meaning: Inner and Outer Strength

Steps: 18

Kihap: 18

Stances: Short stance, long stance

Hand techniques: Lower block, body block, face block, body punch, face punch

Kicks: Front kick

Links:

Taekwonbox: (16) Taegeuk 2 Poomsae explanation – Taekwondo Promotion Foundation Educational Program – YouTube

Kukkiwon: (16) TAEGEUK 2JANG – YouTube

 

Yellow 3 (Poomsae Taegeuk Sam Jang):

Meaning: Fire

Steps: 20

Kihap: 20

Stances: Short stance, long stance, back stance

Hand techniques: Lower block, body block, body punch, double body punch, knife hand strike, knife hand body block

Kicks: Front kick

Links:

Taekwonbox: Taegeuk 3 Poomsae explanation – Taekwondo Promotion Foundation Educational Program (youtube.com)

Kukkiwon: TAEGEUK 3JANG (youtube.com)

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Blue Belt

Blue 1 (Poomsae Taegeuk Sa Jang):

Meaning: Thunder

Steps: 20

Kihap: 20

Stances: Short stance, long stance, back stance

Hand techniques: body block, body punch, double knife hand body block, open hand downwards block, spear hand thrust, sweeping swallow strike, outside body block, back fist

Kicks: Front kick, side kick

Links:

Taekwonbox: (16) Taegeuk 4 Poomsae explanation – Taekwondo Promotion Foundation Educational Program – YouTube Kukkiwon: TAEGEUK 4JANG (youtube.com)

 

Blue 2 (Poomsae Taegeuk Oh Jang):

Meaning: Wind

Steps: 20

Kihap: 20

Stances: Long stance, back stance, L stance, twisted stance

Hand techniques: Lower block, body block, face block, body punch, downwards hammerfist, back fist, knife hand body block, supported round elbow strike, side hammerfist, target elbow strike

Kicks: Front kick, side kick

Links:

Taekwonbox: (16) Taegeuk 5 Poomsae explanation – Taekwondo Promotion Foundation Educational Program – YouTube Kukkiwon: TAEGEUK 5JANG (youtube.com)

 

Blue 3 (Poomsae Taegeuk Yuk Jang): 

Meaning: Water

Steps: 23

Kihap: 13

Stances: Long stance, back stance, ready stance

Hand techniques: Lower block, body punch, outside body block, outside face block, knife hand forwards face block, double lower block (slow), double knife hand body block, palm block

Kicks: Front kick, roundhouse

Links:

Taekwonbox: (16) Taegeuk 6 Poomsae explanation – Taekwondo Promotion Foundation Educational Program – YouTube Kukkiwon: TAEGEUK 6JANG (youtube.com)

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Red Belt

Red 1 (Poomsae Taegeuk Chil Jang): 

Meaning: Mountain

Steps: 25

Kihap: 25

Stances: Cat stance, back stance, attention stance, Short stance, long stance, twisted stance, horse riding stance

Hand techniques: palm block, body block, double knife hand body block, supported palm strike, supported back fist, fist in hand (slow), scissor block, double outside body block, shoulder/head grab, double uppercut, crossed lower block, side back fist, target elbow strike, kinfe hand body block, side punch

Kicks: Front kick, inside target crescent kick

Links:

Taekwonbox: Taegeuk 7 Poomsae explanation – Taekwondo Promotion Foundation Educational Program (youtube.com)

Kukkiwon: TAEGEUK 7JANG (youtube.com)

 

Red 2 (Poomsae Taegeuk Pal Jang):

Meaning: Earth

Steps: 24

Kihap: 2, 18

Stances: Back stance, long stance, cat stance

Hand techniques: outside body block with supporting hand, body punch, body block, double body punch, half mountain block, pull into uppercut, double knife hand body block, palm block, lower block with supporting hand, knife hand outside body block, round elbow strike, back fist

Kicks: Front kick, double front kick, front kick into jump front kick

Links:

Taekwonbox: Taegeuk 8 Poomsae explanation – Taekwondo Promotion Foundation Educational Program (youtube.com)

Kukkiwon: TAEGEUK 8JANG (youtube.com)

 

 

Red 3 & Cho Dan (Koryo): 

Meaning: Seonbae (learned man)

Steps: 30

Kihap: 11, 30

Stances: Long stance, back stance, short stance, horse riding stance

Hand techniques: double knife hand outside body block, reverse knife hand strike, body punch, body block, knife hand lower block, throat strike, leg grab with knee break, double inside body block, knife hand outside body block, target punch, groin strike with pull, lower block, open hand downwards block, supported side elbow strike, circle to fist on palm, knife hand strike

Kicks: Front kick, side kick, double side kick (knee then face)

Links:

Taekwonbox: Koryo Poomsae explanation – Taekwondo Promotion Foundation Educational Program (youtube.com)

Kukkiwon: KORYO (youtube.com)

Contact

Rules

Little Tigers

These rules are for our 4-7 years classes. White belts need to know the first 3, and all other belts need to know all 5.

  1. Listen to your parents and teachers

    • Parents can talk with their kids about ideas such as respect for this rule.
       

  2. No kicking or punching other people

    • Exceptions:

      • If a responsible adult/taekwondo coach is helping you practice AND you have their permission. (Kids can practice with their parents at home when their parents say it is ok but they need permission every time. When coaches say it is ok at training, then they can for the time the coach says it is ok for). Another kid can never give permission to be hit, unless the activity is supervised by a taekwondo coach (e.g. during sparring).

      • If in danger and it is the only option (but note that, if possible, getting out of the situation is always the safest option).
         

  3. No talking to strangers
     

  4. Always try your best and never give up

    • Parents can talk to their kids about values such as resilience and determination
       

  5. Learn new things and have fun

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Korean
Terminology & Questions

Note Korean uses a different alphabet, so the spelling of words using the English alphabet will vary. We are aiming to update the website to include videos that explain how to say each word. This will take a while to achieve, so please be patient.

Counting

 

White belts need to know how to count from 1-5. Yellow belts and above need to know how to count 1-10. Red belts and above need to know how to count 1-20.

This video helps with pronunciation for counting 1-10: Click Here to watch on Youtube

One = Hana

Two = Duul

Three = Set

Four = Net

Five = Daseot

Six = Yeoseot

Seven = Ilgup

Eight = Yeodeol

Nine = Ahop

Ten = Yeol

Eleven = Yeol hana

Twelve = Yeol duul

Thirteen = Yeol set

Fourteen = Yeol net

Fifteen = Yeol daseot

Sixteen = Yeol yeoseot

Seventeen = Yeol ilgup

Eighteen = Yeol yeodeol

Nineteen = Yeol ahop

Twenty = Seomeol

 

Belt Order

 

Youth Belts: White, Orange, Yellow, Green, Purple, Blue, Red, Brown, Black. After turning 8 or once they reach youth black belt (even if younger than 8), then they move up to the adult belts and syllabus but skip white belt.

 

Adult belts: White, Yellow 1, Yellow 2, Yellow 3, Blue 1, Blue 2, Blue 3, Red 1, Red 2, Red 3,  Cho Dan, Black Belt 1st Dan. Black belt goes up to 9th Dan.

 

Other Korean Terminology and Questions

White belts and yellow belts should know the first five questions, and all other belts need to know all of the questions.

What sport do we do? Taekwondo

 

What country is Taekwondo from? South Korea

 

What does charyeot mean? Attention

 

What does Kyungre mean? Bow

 

Why do we bow? To show respect

 

What does Taekwondo mean? Foot fist art

 

What type of sport is Taekwondo? Martial art

 

Belt in Korean? Di

 

Uniform in Korean? Dobok

 

Training area in Korean? Dojang

 

This covers the main questions, but we will update the website with more shortly.

Training Rules and Etiquette

  • Bow when you enter and Before you leave the Dojang, it signifies not only respect for your instructors and classmates, but respect for yourself, the art and life in general

 

  • Respect all Your Instructors and fellow students or opponent at all time.

 

  • Shoes should not be worn on the mat unless given permission or wearing martial art shoes.

 

  • Punctuality Before class (please try not to come more than 15 minutes early or 5 minutes late) and if the previous class is still going on, please quietly wait in the lobby

 

 

  • Fairness When doing workouts with a partner, please behave equally and without ulterior motives. Unsportsmanlike conduct is not tolerated here

 

 

  • Chewing Gum is strictly prohibited

 

  • Sitting When Required to Sit, Sit with your leg crossed, back straight and wrists on your knees

 

  • Considerate Towards others, Swearing and offensive language is not tolerated

 

  • Try and use Korean terminology when possible

 

  • Outside of the Dojang you should carry yourself with confidence and humbleness and always be a great representative of Mozhdeh Martial Arts

 

  • Helpfulness Be Always willing to assist other students during preparation. You may also be able to help the teacher in integrating new students into the group

 

  • Openness Be Always open with your classmates and refrain from bragging

 

  • Uniforms and Personal hygiene Take pride in your uniform by wearing it neatly. Wash your uniform after each training session. Finger nails and Toe nails must always be kept clean and short, Shower before and after training

 

  • Safety Wear no jewellery in class

 

  • Greeting When you meet your instructors away from the club, greet them with Taekwondo Etiquette and respect first before an informal exchange

 

  • Conduct Remember your own act is seen as a direct reflection of your Instructor

 

 

Character is simply habit long continued.

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Etiquette
FAQ
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F.A.Q

What are the benefits of Taekwondo?

Learning Taekwondo can build strength, speed, balance, flexibility, and fitness as well as self-confidence and self-discipline. It can also help with goal setting, with students setting their sights on mastering each level (white, yellow, blue, and red) with the view to ultimately obtaining a coveted black belt.

Research studies show a range of benefits for children and young people participating in martial arts including:

  • Increased self-esteem

  • Reduced anxiety

  • Improved academic performance

  • More social behaviours

 

Is Taekwondo safe for my child?

Injuries can occur in any sport. However, we take all possible care to ensure a safe environment for our students. Our instructors are all highly skilled and experienced in using safe teaching methods with adults and children of all ages and abilities. We tailor classes to the individual needs of each student, ensure appropriate technique, and use protective equipment such as gloves and kicking pads. Senior instructors have training in first aid.

All students in the competition team must wear mouth guards, shields, and head guards when sparring.

How often should we attend?

Classes are held six times a week. Beginners will still see steady improvement in their fitness, skills, and focus if they attend once a week. However, for optimum results we encourage students to train with us two or three times a week. Progress rate will increase as your training hours per week increase.

Uniform:

We have full Taekwondo uniforms, T-shirts and Hoodies with club’s logo for sale at the club.

 

What should I expect at my first class?

Our friendly and helpful instructors will take good care of you during your first class – introduce yourself to friendly staff when you arrive and they will make sure you feel welcome and supported.

Please wear a comfortable t-shirt and shorts or leggings with bare feet to your trial class. If you have fun and want to sign up for ongoing classes, we have Taekwondo uniforms for sale.

Please bring a drink bottle of water to have during breaks. You are welcome to bring a family member along to watch the class – we have a seating area for parents, grandparents, and other supporters.

For students under the age of 6 we encourage a grown-up to stay and watch for the first few classes – this is not necessary for older students, though families are always welcome.

How fit do I need to be to start Taekwondo?

 

We believe that every body can benefit from Taekwondo! As long as you can comfortably walk for 20 minutes, you are fit enough to join one of our classes. Our coaches will offer different options for students of different abilities – including those with physical limitations. You are always welcome to spend some time stretching on the side of the mat if you need to catch your breath.

My child has autism / ADHD / dyspraxia / anxiety – can they still join?

Yes! Taekwondo is a great activity for students who are neurodiverse or who have physical or mental health challenges.

Each student works to the best of his or her abilities, while still enjoying the friendship and team environment of being part of a club. Many parents have told us that their child’s focus, confidence, co-ordination, and performance at school improved after they joined Mozhdeh Martial Arts.

If you are not sure whether Taekwondo is right for your child, our coaches offer a free trial class where we introduce your child to some Taekwondo skills and assess their readiness to start group classes.

If you would like to discuss your child’s situation and needs please fill out our contact form.

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